sendmail - MTA (Mail Transport Agent) ChangeLog


# sendmail 8.17.2
# ===============
# Versions included in Slackware packages:
# Slackware 13.37: sendmail, sendmail-cf 8.14.4
# Slackware 14.0: sendmail, sendmail-cf 8.14.5
# Slackware 14.1: sendmail, sendmail-cf 8.14.7
# Slackware 14.2: sendmail, sendmail-cf 8.15.2
# Slackware 15.0 now includes postfix, and sendmail has been moved
# to 'extra'

# Success building with OpenSSL 1.1.1 and 3.0

# The real home page of sendmail open source these days is:
# ...but I will continue to use which redirects there

# There are snapshots here, alpha development versions:

# Keep an eye on comp.mail.sendmail for announcements for updates:
# sendmail 8.17.2 available

# In between the release of 8.14.7 and 8.14.8, Sendmail, Inc. was
# acquired by Proofpoint:

# If you want to use sendmail 8.15.2 for some reason instead, you may
# be interested in these patches:

# Prerequisites:
# m4
# OpenSSL 1.1.0 or 1.1.1 (optional; for STARTTLS)
# Cyrus SASL (optional; for SMTP AUTH)
# OpenLDAP (optional; for LDAPMAP)
# Berkeley DB

# If you don't have user and group 'smmsp', add them:
getent group | grep "^smmsp:" > /dev/null || groupadd -g 25 smmsp
id smmsp > /dev/null 2>&1 || useradd -g 25 -u 25 smmsp

# Get it
test -f installed/sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz &&
mv installed/sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz .
test ! -f sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz &&

# Verify tarball w/ sha256sum:
# (this works too: openssl sha256 sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz)
echo "90f5ae74c35a84808861933ba094201b901b70c6b2903684dcf39bdae8a5a1\
a2  sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz" | sha256sum -c

# Verify PGP sig w/ sha256sum:
# (this works too: openssl sha256 sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz.sig)
wget -nc &&
echo "bd40723fc4af710c8361ddab30a435a1321c963f52f88b4363776049a2653a\
cc  sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz.sig" | sha256sum -c

# Verify tarball w/ gpg:
wget -O - | gpg --import
( gpg --list-keys E2763A73 > /dev/null 2>&1 || gpg --recv-keys E2763A73 ) &&
wget -nc &&
  gpg --verify sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz.sig && rm sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz.sig

# Create ~/src, it's used below
test ! -d ~/src && mkdir -p -m 0700 ~/src

# Back-up your existing sendmail configuration files.
# If your configuration files come from the 'sendmail-cf' Slackware package,
# they will be under /usr/share/sendmail
# If you have a source-installed sendmail in ~/src (where this HOWTO puts
# it) with your and files in cf/cf/, you can run this
# blurb below to back them up for you.  It assumes that you only have one
# version of sendmail's source in ~/src/.
# NOTE: be careful - if you keep your and in the
# last version's cf/cf/ dir and something goes wrong with this blurb,
# the next blurb will wipe them out along with the source tree.
# Make sure your old config files really do make it into
# ~/backup/sendmail/$OLDVER before you move past this part.
cd ~/src
OLDVER=`find -maxdepth 1 -type d -name "sendmail-*" 2> /dev/null | tail -1`
test -n "$OLDVER" && (
OLDVER=`basename $OLDVER` &&
mkdir -p -m 0700 ~/backup/sendmail/${OLDVER} &&
test -f ${OLDVER}/devtools/Site/site.config.m4 &&
  cp -f ${OLDVER}/devtools/Site/site.config.m4 ~/backup/sendmail/${OLDVER}/
test -f ${OLDVER}/cf/cf/ &&
  cp -f ${OLDVER}/cf/cf/ ~/backup/sendmail/${OLDVER}/
test -f ${OLDVER}/cf/cf/ &&
  cp -f ${OLDVER}/cf/cf/ ~/backup/sendmail/${OLDVER}/
find ~/backup/sendmail/$OLDVER -type f -exec chmod 600 {} \;
unset OLDVER

# If you're replacing a Slackware installed sendmail, make sure everything
# is backed up that needs to be, then run "removepkg sendmail sendmail-cf"
# (as root) to remove it.  After removing the packages, you may still
# have a /usr/share/sendmail/cf/cf directory with your old .mc and .cf
# file in it.

# If you're upgrading, the old version's source directory may have files
# in it that are owned by root - like and  This will
# make everything owned by your non-root user.  Skip this if you're doing
# everything as root (directly, not using su/sudo).
find ~/src -maxdepth 1 -type d -name "sendmail-*" \
-exec su -c "chown -R $(logname) {}" \;

# This will make all files in the source of an old version writable
# (u+w), otherwise you'll get something like this if you're not root:
# rm: remove write-protected regular file
# `./sendmail-8.17.2/cf/cf/'?
find ~/src -maxdepth 1 -type d -name "sendmail-*" \
-exec chmod -R u+w {} \;

# Extract the source
cd ~/src
find -maxdepth 1 -type d -name "sendmail-*" -exec rm -r {} \;
tar xzvf ~/sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz
cd sendmail-8.17.2
test $UID = 0 && chown -R root:root .

# Before you configure the build and build it, make sure that
# /usr/lib/ (or /usr/lib64/ and /usr/include/db.h are
# from the same version of Berkeley DB.  ie. if you see that is
# a symlink pointing to and db.h is a symlink to
# /usr/include/db3/db.h, then you'll need to fix it.
# sendmail will only build with NEWDB (see notes about it in devtools/README
# and sendmail/README) if it can find and db.h  If you have yours
# installed as (or something similar) and your include file is
# /usr/include/db4/db.h, create symlinks.

# Skip this section if you want to build a "normal" sendmail
# If you already have a site.config.m4 backed up for this version of
# sendmail, restore it and skip to the next section.  If you don't
# have one for this version, it will get one for the previous
# version.  (yes, I could do 'for ver in 8.17.1 8.16.1 ...')
test ! -f devtools/Site/site.config.m4 &&
test -f ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-8.17.1/site.config.m4 &&
  cp ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-8.17.1/site.config.m4 devtools/Site/
test ! -f devtools/Site/site.config.m4 &&
test -f ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-8.16.1/site.config.m4 &&
  cp ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-8.16.1/site.config.m4 devtools/Site/
test ! -f devtools/Site/site.config.m4 &&
test -f ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-8.15.2/site.config.m4 &&
  cp ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-8.15.2/site.config.m4 devtools/Site/
test ! -f devtools/Site/site.config.m4 &&
test -f ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-8.15.1/site.config.m4 &&
  cp ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-8.15.1/site.config.m4 devtools/Site/
# See devtools/README and devtools/Site/site.config.m4.sample for
# more information about the _many_ available options
cd devtools/Site
# Add build settings to site.config.m4 to build sendmail with that
# particular feature.  If this is not your first run through with this
# version of sendmail, make sure you wipe the existing site.config.m4
# Install library files in /usr/lib64 instead of /usr/lib if this is
# a 64-bit system
test $(uname -m) = "x86_64" &&
( echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBDIR', \`/usr/lib64')" >> site.config.m4
   echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBDIRS', \`-L/usr/lib64')" >> site.config.m4 )
# Install man pages under /usr/man instead of /usr/share/man (which is
# usually a symlink anyway, in Slackware).
test -d /usr/man &&
( echo "APPENDDEF(\`confMANROOT', \`/usr/man/cat')" >> site.config.m4
   echo "APPENDDEF(\`confMANROOTMAN', \`/usr/man/man')" >> site.config.m4 )
# Install unformatted man pages.  Set this if your installed sendmail
# man pages have control codes showing in them like "[1msendmail"
# (If they were installed into /usr/man/catX, they would be OK, so you may
# want to look at confMANROOTMAN too)
#echo "APPENDDEF(\`confINSTALL_RAWMAN')" >> site.config.m4
#echo "APPENDDEF(\`confDONT_INSTALL_CATMAN')" >> site.config.m4
# MILTER (MIMEDefang, Amavis, etc.)
echo "APPENDDEF(\`conf_sendmail_ENVDEF', \`-DMILTER')" >> site.config.m4
echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBS', \`-lpthread')" >> site.config.m4
# SASL2 (SMTP authentication)
echo "APPENDDEF(\`conf_sendmail_ENVDEF', \`-DSASL=2')" >> site.config.m4
echo "APPENDDEF(\`conf_sendmail_LIBS', \`-lsasl2')" >> site.config.m4
echo "APPENDDEF(\`conf_sendmail_ENVDEF', \`-DSTARTTLS')" >> site.config.m4
echo "APPENDDEF(\`conf_sendmail_LIBS', \`-lssl -lcrypto')" >> site.config.m4
# If doing STARTTLS with 32-bit source-installed OpenSSL < 1.1.0
test $(uname -m) != 'x86_64' &&
test -d /usr/local/ssl/include &&
  ( echo "APPENDDEF(\`confINCDIRS', \`-I/usr/local/ssl/include')" >> \
    echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBDIRS', \`-L/usr/local/ssl/lib')" >> \
     site.config.m4 )
# If doing STARTTLS with 64-bit source-installed OpenSSL < 1.1.0
# [ > 1.1.0 would be in /usr/local/include and /usr/local/lib64 ]
test $(uname -m) = 'x86_64' &&
test -d /usr/local/ssl/include &&
  ( echo "APPENDDEF(\`confINCDIRS', \`-I/usr/local/ssl/include')" >> \
    echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBDIRS', \`-L/usr/local/ssl/lib64')" >> \
     site.config.m4 )
# LDAPMAP (ldap mail routing - ie. aliases, virtusertable, etc. in LDAP)
echo "APPENDDEF(\`confMAPDEF', \`-DLDAPMAP')" >> site.config.m4
echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBS', \`-lldap -llber')" >> site.config.m4
# Source-installed Berkeley DB 4.8.x
test -d /usr/local/BerkeleyDB.4.8 &&
( echo "APPENDDEF(\`confINCDIRS', \`-I/usr/local/BerkeleyDB.4.8/include')" \
    >> site.config.m4
   echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBDIRS', \`-L/usr/local/BerkeleyDB.4.8/lib')" \
    >> site.config.m4 )
echo "APPENDDEF(\`confMAPDEF', \`-DSOCKETMAP')" >> site.config.m4
cd ../..

## I haven't tried this for a long time
# If you want to patch sendmail to work with libspf (install it first), run
# this (if you have the libspf source, the same patch should be in
# ~/src/libspf-1.0.0-RC5/patches/Sendmail/8.13.x/ on your system):
#wget -nc\
#sendmail-8.13.1-libspf-1.0-RC5.diff &&
# patch -p1 < sendmail-8.13.1-libspf-1.0-RC5.diff

# Build sendmail

## If sendmail failed to build with errors like this:
# /usr/lib/gcc-lib/*-slackware-linux/*/../../../ undefined
# reference to `pthread_condattr_setpshared'
## tell it to build it with libpthread by doing this and then tell it to
## re-build (-c):
echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBS', \`-lpthread')" >> devtools/Site/site.config.m4
./Build -c

# /usr/lib64/gcc/x86_64-slackware-linux/*/../../../../
#  x86_64-slackware-linux/bin/ld: domain.o: undefined reference to symbol
#  '__res_querydomain@@GLIBC_2.2.5'
# /usr/lib64/gcc/x86_64-slackware-linux/*/../../../../
#  x86_64-slackware-linux/bin/ld: note: '__res_querydomain@@GLIBC_x.x.x'
#  is defined in DSO /lib64/ so try adding it to the linker
#  command line
# /lib64/ could not read symbols: Invalid operation
# collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
echo "APPENDDEF(\`confLIBS', \`-lresolv')" >> devtools/Site/site.config.m4
./Build -c

# Now become root, which is necessary for installing everything

# Don't use this on HP-UX or Solaris! - see the README in mail.local/
# (that is why 'force-install' is run).  If you use Cyrus, make that your
# local mailer (don't use mail.local).  If building mail.local (to use
# instead of procmail):
( cd mail.local ; ./Build ; ./Build force-install )

# If building milter (this won't do anything if it's not configured to
# build):
grep '\-DMILTER' devtools/Site/site.config.m4 > /dev/null 2>&1 &&
( cd libmilter ; ./Build ; ./Build install )

# Install it
./Build install

# Make sure your non-root user can remove the source later
chown -R $(logname) .
chmod -R u+w .

# If you don't have an aliases file, install a sample.  Make sure you run
# 'newaliases' once you have a working sendmail configuration to create
# /etc/mail/aliases.db (which is what sendmail actually uses).
test ! -f /etc/mail/aliases && cp sendmail/aliases /etc/mail/

# If you don't have a local-host-names file, install a blank one:
test ! -e /etc/mail/local-host-names &&
echo -e "# names of hosts for which we receive email\n" \
  > /etc/mail/local-host-names

# Create directories, update permissions
mkdir -p /var/spool/clientmqueue /var/spool/mqueue
chmod go-w / /etc /etc/mail /usr /var /var/spool /var/spool/mqueue
chown root / /etc /etc/mail /usr /var /var/spool /var/spool/mqueue
find /etc/mail -type f -name "*.db" -exec chown root:root {} \;
test -f /etc/mail/aliases.db && chown root:smmsp /etc/mail/aliases.db
find /etc/mail -type f -name "*.db" -exec chmod 640 {} \;
test ! -f /etc/mail/statistics && touch /etc/mail/statistics
chmod 640 /etc/mail/aliases /etc/mail/statistics
touch /etc/mail/ /etc/mail/
chown root:wheel /etc/mail/ /etc/mail/
chmod 444 /etc/mail/ /etc/mail/
test -f /var/run/ && chmod 600 /var/run/
chown smmsp:smmsp /var/spool/clientmqueue
chmod 770 /var/spool/clientmqueue
chown -R root:wheel /var/spool/mqueue
chmod -R 700 /var/spool/mqueue
ln -sf /usr/sbin/sendmail /usr/lib/sendmail

# If you patched sendmail for libspf, add a "FEATURE(spf)dnl" line to your
#, re-create a, and restart sendmail.  See the libspf
# docs for more info.

# If you need a /etc/rc.d/rc.sendmail startup script, I have the script
# from Slackware here (the same script is in at least 9.0 through 10.2):
# And if you want another one that'll handle starting/stopping/restarting
# sendmail, MIMEDefang, clamd, sophie, trophie, etc., grab this one:
cd /etc/rc.d
test -f rc.sendmail &&
( mv -f rc.sendmail rc.sendmail.old ; chmod 600 rc.sendmail.old )
chmod 700 rc.sendmail

# If you want a Makefile so you can just run 'make' to update access.db,
# aliases.db, domaintable.db, mailertable.db, and virtusertable.db (whichever
# one(s) have updated text file counterparts):
cd /etc/mail
test -f Makefile &&
( mv -f Makefile Makefile.old ; chmod 600 Makefile.old )
wget \
-O Makefile

# Become yourself again:

# Restore backed up config files for this version if you already have them,
# from the previous version if not.  This just tries 8.17.9, .8, .7, ...,
# 8.16.9, .8, .7, ... until one exists.
cd cf/cf
for mcfile in; do
  test -f $mcfile && mv -f $mcfile ${mcfile}.old
  for maj in 8.17 8.16 8.15 8.14; do
    for min in $(seq -s ' ' 9 -1 0); do
      test -f ./${mcfile} && break 2
      test -f ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-${maj}.${min}/${mcfile} &&
       cp -f ~/backup/sendmail/sendmail-${maj}.${min}/${mcfile} .

# If you need to make/install any .m4 file changes/additions, do that now
# (Integration with Sendmail)

# After (re-)setting your and in
# ~/src/sendmail-8.17.2/cf/cf/, run this (from ./cf/cf/) to generate the
# .cf files and install them into /etc/mail:
su -c "make install-cf"

# Save the source for later
mkdir -p -m 0700 installed
rm -f installed/sendmail.*.tar.*
mv sendmail.8.17.2.tar.gz installed/

# SSL Certs
# =========
# You can create self-signed certificates with OpenSSL
# You can pay for certificates from various places, sometimes you'll be
# given one for "free" from the hosting company that you are paying...
# Or you can also use free SSL/TLS certificates from Let's Encrypt
# If you set up certbot,  you can have 'certbot renew' run a --deploy-hook
# script that will copy the files in place for use by sendmail.
# To create self-signed SSL certs for sendmail, first follow the
# instructions at the bottom of the OpenSSL howto, then come back here
# Now that you've created the certs, become root and put them in place:
mkdir -p -m 0700 /etc/mail/certs
cp demoCA/cacert.pem /etc/mail/certs/CAcert.pem
cp newcert.pem /etc/mail/certs/cert.pem
cp newkey.pem /etc/mail/certs/key.pem
chmod 600 /etc/mail/certs/*

# MSP Usage (all should be run as root)
# =========
# Run this from cron every so often (every 15 minutes?) to flush
# the client queue.  Do this if you don't want/need to have a sendmail
# daemon running like the next example.
/usr/sbin/sendmail -Ac -q

# Run as an msp daemon with  The -L part will make it log
# 'sm-msp-queue' as the program name in syslog instead of 'sendmail'.
# -Ac means use instead of  The -q part tells it
# to flush the queue every 30 minutes.  This one will fork a process
# to run the queue.
/usr/sbin/sendmail -L sm-msp-queue -Ac -q30m

# Start a persistant queue runner (see -qp in the sendmail man page) using
#, 'sm-msp-queue' program name for syslog, sleep time of 1 minute.
# This one will have one persistant queue runner process that sleeps for
# a minute in between runs.
/usr/sbin/sendmail -L sm-msp-queue -Ac -qp1m

# View the msp mail queue:
/usr/sbin/sendmail -bp -Ac

# MTA Usage (all should be run as root)
# =========
# Run from cron to flush the MTA queue:
/usr/sbin/sendmail -q

# Run as an MTA daemon with  Use 'sm-mta' as the program
# name in syslog, flush the queue every 15 minutes.
/usr/sbin/sendmail -L sm-mta -bd -q15m

# View the MTA mail queue(s):
# (they all do the same thing)
/usr/sbin/sendmail -bp -Am
/usr/sbin/sendmail -bp

# If you ever want to uninstall Sendmail, here's how:
test -x /etc/rc.d/rc.sendmail && /etc/rc.d/rc.sendmail stop
sleep 5
killall -9 sendmail
# There may be other things using /etc/mail, so you may want to pick and
# choose in there rather than just blow away the whole directory
#test -d /etc/mail && rm -r /etc/mail
( cd /usr/bin
  rm -f hoststat mailq newaliases praliases purgestat rmail sendmail\
   vacation )
find /usr/doc -maxdepth 1 -name "sendmail-*" -exec rm -r {} \;
test -d /usr/include/libmilter && rm -r /usr/include/libmilter
( cd /usr/lib ; rm -f libmilter.a sendmail )
( /usr/man/man1
  rm -f mailq.1* newaliases.1* vacation.1* )
( cd /usr/man/man8
  rm -f editmap.8* mail.local.8* mailstats.8* makemap.8* praliases.8*\
   rmail.8* sendmail.8* smrsh.8* )
( cd /usr/sbin
  rm -f editmap mail.local mailstats makemap praliases sendmail smrsh )
test -d /usr/share/sendmail && rm -r /usr/share/sendmail
test -d /var/spool/clientmqueue && rm -r /var/spool/clientmqueue
test -d /var/spool/mqueue && rm -r /var/spool/mqueue
rm -f /etc/rc.d/rc.sendmail /usr/lib64/libmilter.a /usr/man/man5/aliases.5*
find ~/src -maxdepth 1 -type d -name "sendmail-*" -exec rm -r {} \;
rm -f ~/installed/sendmail-*.tar.*

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Web page itself last updated: 2023-12-20 8:06pm (EDT -0400)
HOWTO last updated: 2023-09-25 12:53am
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